Which OBD-II protocol is supported by vehicle?

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Which OBD-II protocol is supported by vehicle?


All cars and light trucks built for sale in the United States after 1996 are required to be OBDII compliant. The European Union adopted a similar law in 2000 for gasoline-powered vehicles, and in 2003 for cars with diesel engines.

 

An OBD-II compliant vehicle can use any of the five communication protocols: J1850 PWM and VPW, ISO9141, ISO14230 (also known as Keyword Protocol 2000), and more recently, CAN (ISO15765/SAE J2480). Car manufacturers were not allowed to use CAN until model year 2003.


As a general rule, you can determine which protocol your vehicle is using by looking at the pinout of the DLC:

www.car-obd.com
The following table explains how to determine the protocol:

Pin 2 Pin 6 Pin 7 Pin 7 Pin 14 Pin 15* Standard
J1850 Bus+ CAN High ISO 9141-2K Line and
ISO/DIS 14230-4
J1850 Bus CAN Low ISO 9141-2L Line and
ISO/DIS 14230-4
-
must have - - must have - - J1850 PWM
must have - - - - - J1850 VPW
- - must have - - may have ISO9141/14230
- must have - - must have - CAN
The connector should have: Pin 4 - Chassis Ground, Pin 5 - Signal Ground, Pin 16 - Battery power


This means that:

Protocol The connector must have pins
PWM 2, 4 and/or 5, 10, and 16
VPW 2, 4 and/or 5, and 16, but not 10.
ISO 4 and/or 5, 7, and 16. Pin 15 *may or may not be present.
CAN 4 and/or 5, 6, 14 and 16


*For ISO communications, pin 15 (L-line) is not always required. Pin 15 was used on earlier ISO/KWP2000 cars to "wake-up" the ECU before communication could begin on pin 7 (KLine). Later cars tend to communicate using only pin 7 (K-Line).

 

Because of the different protocol a car might have it is recommended to use an interface which supports all protocols as all modern interfaces do.


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